Happy Higgs Day from CERN!

Six years ago I stayed up all night to watch the announcement from CERN that was rumored to be about the Higgs boson. I ordered a particle physics textbook that night, having never taken a formal class that went beyond a general historical approach.

Particle physics had always sounded interesting. I increased my participation in QuarkNet, brought particle physics into my physics classes for my students, and a year later I spent a week studying at Fermilab.

Now, six years later, I attend lectures in the very hall where CERN scientists broadcast their discovery to the world, learning from scientists involved then and now in pushing the forefront of knowledge in physics.

I have had the good fortune to spend five of the last six summers working with scientists and students at KU doing particle physics research and projects.

And I have had the immense fortune of meeting many physics teachers around the US and the world who share a passion for physics, learning, and teaching.

I could not have dreamed twelve years ago when I started my teaching journey what amazing opportunities I would find. I’m a little more in awe of it every day. And while this (first?) visit to CERN seems like a pinnacle of experience, I can’t help but wonder what the next six years could bring.

Happy Higgs Day!

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Cosmic Watch Update

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My Cosmic Watch build has been on hold due to scheduling conflicts. My original plan was to build it during spring break in March, but I had not received all of the parts ordered at that point. End of the school year…no free time. Summer was looking good until our A/C unit was out of commission for nine days, leaving my upstairs lab at 110+ degrees F. And then I had a workshop…and then…

Now I’m wrapping up more pressing to-do lists and will be busy for a few weeks, so at this point I’m likely going to pick the project back up in late July.  Follow/watch for updates!

Building a new Cosmic Ray Detector

For the past five years I have been fortunate to have a QuarkNet cosmic ray muon detector to use for teaching and for research with students. It’s a fun piece of real particle physics hardware, and lets me and my students go hands-on with the same muon-tracking tech we see at Fermilab, CERN, and other facilities.

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QuarkNet Series 6000 CRMD. Photo: QuarkNet/Fermilab

 

One of the limiting factors preventing more teachers and students from using these detectors is their high cost. Without QuarkNet making these available for us to borrow, these detectors would cost us several thousand dollars each.

In the past few years I’ve seen projects to detect cosmic rays in a variety of ways, notably CRAYFIS and DECO that use the silicon imaging chip in your phone’s camera when the lens is covered or in a very dark environment. This method uses techniques similar to the silicon detectors like the pixel and strip trackers in the CMS detector at CERN. One disadvantage is the tiny area and volume of that phone sensor chip, which probably intercepts less than one muon per minute.

A more promising route for classroom use is the MIT detector, called the Cosmic Watch. This project uses inexpensive hardware to bring higher level, scintillator based cosmic ray muon detectors to teachers and students for a target price of $100, about 98% less than the absolute cost of the more capable QuarkNet detector.

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Cosmic Watch CRMD. Photo: news.MIT.edu

I’m in the process of acquiring the components to build a Cosmic Watch, starting with the silicon photomultiplier from SensL in Ireland. They were kind enough to offer the preferred detector chip in small quantities to students and teachers for a discount price of $60 with available $15 shipping (no word on how long they will run this discount).

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Mounted SenseL SiPM. Photo: SenseL

The MIT Cosmic Watch project website and Git repository include all of the information you need to build the detector, including source files for having the PCBs produced, dimensions for the scintillator, parts lists, and instructions for assembly and use. [2/20 Note: The newest version, which includes microSD capability and coincidence capability with two units and other revisions, can be found at the v2 Git repository here.)

Future posts here will discuss the similarities and differences between the QuarkNet and Cosmic Watch detectors, including sensitivity, data collection process, and coincidence signal detection.

Right now I’m simply going to build one for myself to experience the build and learn more about it. I’m thinking maybe local teachers would be interested in a build workshop to put together, test, and take home their own Cosmic Watch. Watch here for updates — I anticipate building this over spring break (March 17-25).

KU QuarkNet Summer Research

Four years ago in the summer of 2013 I began a summer job that quickly became a highlight of my year. Through my involvement in QuarkNet, I found that the University of Kansas QuarkNet center has a summer research program, and they were hiring a summer research teacher.

Since then, I have had the wonderful experience of helping to run the seven-week program, taking students to visit Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) near Chicago, and helping students with their research and projects as diverse as microwave radio wave behavior in sand and ice, analyzing CMS data in ROOT, and building research hardware with microcontrollers. Some in multiple years have worked on CMS detector hardware and hardware analysis.

I’ve put together a collection of research abstracts and student research talks. Currently, the abstracts include 2013-2016, and the talks include 2014-2017. I’ll be adding the 2017 abstracts within a few days, and I hope to find the 2013 presentation videos to add to the YouTube playlist soon.

Abstracts: https://goo.gl/P8Ew7W

Presentation Video Playlist: https://goo.gl/AXV8TU

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KU QuarkNet Week 2-3: Research Underway

 

Research Projects

The QuarkNet research assistants, all high school students or 2016 graduates, are hired to work in the Department of Physics and Astronomy. During this time, they are working with professors, graduate and undergraduate students, and others to contribute to ongoing research projects at the University.

Photos and Descriptions

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Brittany and Ardrian jumped into assembling the QuarkNet Cosmic Ray Muon Detector.

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Prof. Besson advises returning QuarkNet researcher Margot.

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Sabrea, Asher, and Roxanna (seated) learn to operate and analyze the data from radio transmission and reception experiments.

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Sabrea, Asher, and Roxanna (seated) learn to operate and analyze the data from the radio transmission and reception experiment.

 

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Ardrian and Brittany find that commissioning a Cosmic Ray Muon Detector requires lots of testing, careful assembly, and light-tight tape.

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Bennett, Margot, and Pierce collaborate on research. All three are returning QuarkNet researchers.

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Within a couple of days, Ardrian and Brittany had the detector functioning and under test.

 

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A particularly well-timed photo of Bennett and Pierce testing the revisions to their lightning detector, begun in the 2015 research season. Their device(s) are part of the TARA research at KU.

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Bennett and Pierce delivered a preliminary talk about their research work and the hardware they have created to generate a trigger that includes directional and range information.

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The audience at a typical research seminar includes professors, graduate and undergraduate students, and fellow QuarkNet research assistants.

QuarkNet is funded by grants from the Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation.
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KU QuarkNet Summer Research 2016

Today we opened the KU Summer Research Session for our QuarkNet student researchers. We have several returning from last year’s crew, and quite a few new faces as well.

This is my fourth year with KU as the QuarkNet Summer Research Teacher. The best thing about the job is being able to help another generation of students learn about some extremely high level topics in a very hands-on way.

These high school students and graduates are not doing toy research — they are jumping in with both feet to contribute to ongoing research projects here at KU, from novel research in cosmic ray detection to writing code to help demonstrate particle physics ideas on the web to developing data analysis skills and techniques to analyze data from the Large Hadron Collider.

This brief note is just a placemarker; the interesting stuff will no doubt come in the weeks ahead.

Makerspaces in Classrooms

I ran across a listserv post I made about a year ago, and it’s something I still think is important. This was in response to a post about converting a classroom into a STEM lab. Here’s my thoughts with only minor edits:

I would recommend perhaps trying to make that STEM lab a full
Makerspace/Hackerspace.​

​Make it a place where your community (students AND teachers) are welcome
to come learn how to use different tools to create, make, invent, and
experience things. I have done something like this with a very small corner
of my classroom, and while the supplies and topics are limited it does give
me a place (and resources) to teach an interested student how to solder,
test electronics, and build projects.

The Maker movement is not limited to any one technology, nor is it just
STEM.​ The new acronym STEAM incorporates the arts, and I believe that
creating Makerspaces/Hackerspaces in schools could be a step toward
reuniting the creative disciplines of science, engineering, and the arts.

With a properly equipped makerspace you could then offer, or could find
people to offer, seminars on woodworking, digital circuit design, robotics,
3d design and printing, fabric crafts and working with sewing and
embroidering, incorporating microcontrollers and programming in artistic
and fashion projects, woodworking, analog circuits, clay sculpture,
microcontroller programming, game programming, jewelry, crafting musical
instruments, creating analog and digital effects circuits (pedals) for
electric guitars…obviously I can’t list everything here.

Make it a space that is open, welcoming, and useful to people interested in
science, engineering, math, and arts.  Cooperate with the art, music, tech
ed, and other teachers to try and bridge the imaginary gap between the
disciplines.

R​esource​s​ you might look at:
http://makered.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Makerspace-Playbook-Feb-2013.pdf

http://www.jocolibrary.org/makerspace

http://oedb.org/ilibrarian/a-librarians-guide-to-makerspaces/